Paris: A baby is twice as likely to be born bottom-first if either or both of its parents themselves were also "breech" deliveries, according to a paper released recently by the British Medical Journal (BMJ).
Fewer than five percent of births are breech delivery which carries higher risks of mortality and health problems for the infant than for head-first births.
The known risk factors for breech births include if the baby is the mother's first child or if the mother has a contracted pelvis, is of high maternal age or has a uterine abnormality. What has been unclear though, is whether there... read more
Washington: Prematurely born babies run a higher risk of infant death and lower fertility rates when they become adults than babies that are born at full term, according to a study published recently.Researchers at the Duke University Medical School in the southeastern state of North Carolina studied 1.16 million births in Norway between 1967 and 1988 and followed the subjects through 2002.Out of the total, 60,354, or 5.2 percent, were born prematurely, defined as being born up to 37 weeks after conception. A full-term human pregnancy is 40 weeks.Slightly more boys were born premature than girls (5.6 percent to 4.7... read more
Paris: More than a third of children born before the seventh month of pregnancy are disabled, and the degree of disability rises the earlier they are born, according to a new study published recently in Lancet.
The investigation by French researchers was prompted by the fact that more and more children born prematurely in advanced economies are able to survive, thanks to better-equipped hospitals and better-trained staff.
A team led by Pierre-Yves Ancel and Beatrice Larroque of the National Institute of Health and Medical Research (Inserm) looked at the health of 1,817 five-year-old French children who had been born between 22 and... read more
Washington: Babies whose mothers had low levels of vitamin B12 just before and after they were conceived could be up to five times more likely to be being born with a congenital defect, a study said.
Those women, who eat little or no meat or animal-based foods, were the most likely to have low levels of vitamin B12 and give birth to babies with a neural tube defect, according to the joint study by Trinity College, Dublin, the Health Board of Ireland and the US National institutes of Health.
"Vitamin B12 is essential for the functioning of the nervous system and fo... read more
Washington: European scientists have shed new light on the causes of the devastating, inexplicable syndrome known as sudden infant cot death.
The syndrome, which strikes fear into every parent's heart, affects seemingly healthy babies aged between a month to a year, and is main cause of death among infants of that age in developed nations.
Now researchers at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Italy have revealed that an imbalance of the neuronal signal, serotonin, in the brainstem caused sudden death in mice, according to the study in Science magazine.
The brainstem, which is at the base of the brain and joins to... read more